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metadata.dc.type: Artigo de Periódico
Issue Date: Jul-2015
metadata.dc.creator: RODRIGUES, Renata Duarte Souza
FERREIRA, Stella da Silva
COUTO, Roberta Souza D'Almeida
LACHOWSKI, Karina Monteleone
SOBRAL, Maria Ângela Pita
MARQUES, Márcia Martins
Title: Choice of toothpaste for the elderly: an in vitro study
Citation: RODRIGUES, Renata Duarte Souza et al. Choice of toothpaste for the elderly: an in vitro study. Brazilian Oral Research, São Paulo, v. 29, n. 1, p. 1-7, 2015. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 23 maio 2017. Epub 10-Jul-2015. <>.
Abstract: Hyposalivation and dental root exposure in the elderly are problems that require special oral care. In this context, the characteristics of certain toothpastes are of particular importance. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxicity and dentin wear caused by seven different toothpastes. For dentin wear analysis, 40 root dentin specimens were submitted to 20,000 brushing cycles with the different toothpastes and distilled water (control group-CG), using a brushing machine. Dentin surface loss (SL) was measured by contact profilometer. The cytotoxicity of each toothpaste was tested using cultured fibroblasts submitted to a cell-culture-conditioned medium. Fresh medium served as the control. Cell viability was assessed by MTT assay after 24 h of contact with the conditioned media. The data were analyzed statistically by ANOVA, followed by Tukey’s test (p < 0.05). The SL of the CG was minimal and significantly lower than that of the Oral B Pro Health (OBPH) group (p < 0.05). All other groups presented SL in between that of the CG and the Oral B Pro Health OBPH group, except for the Sensodyne (SEN) group, which presented SL similar to that of CG (p = 0.05). The SEN group presented a percentage of viable cells similar to that of CG: between 60-89%. All the other toothpastes showed high cytotoxicity, with cell viability less than 50% of the CG. Considering study limitations, we concluded that only one of the seven tested toothpastes exhibited the most desirable toothpaste characteristics for the worldwide growing elderly population (e.g. low cytotoxicity and low-abrasive potential)
Keywords: Pasta de dente
Cuidados bucais
Desgastes dos dentes
Series/Report no.: Brazilian Oral Research
ISSN: 1807-3107 Brasil
Publisher: Universidade Federal do Pará
metadata.dc.publisher.initials: UFPA
metadata.dc.rights: Acesso Aberto
Appears in Collections:Artigos Científicos - ICS

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