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Title: Estudo de eletrocatalisadores de PtRu, PtRuRh e PtRuPd obtidos por modificação no Método Borohidreto de Sódio para eletro-oxidação de metanol e etanol
metadata.dc.creator: ANDRADE, Flávio Vargas
metadata.dc.contributor.advisor1: SOUZA, José Pio Iúdice de
Keywords: Eletroquímica
Método Borohidreto de Sódio
Issue Date: 25-Jan-2016
Publisher: Universidade Federal do Pará
Citation: ANDRADE, Flávio Vargas. Estudo de eletrocatalisadores de PtRu, PtRuRh e PtRuPd obtidos por modificação no Método Borohidreto de Sódio para eletro-oxidação de metanol e etanol. 2016. 104 f. Tese (Doutorado) - Universidade Federal do Pará, Instituto de Ciências Exatas e Naturais, Belém, 2016. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Química.
Abstract: PtRu, PtRuRh and PtRuPd electrocatalysts supported on carbon has been widely studied for electro-oxidation of methanol and ethanol. Among different possibilities of preparing these electrocatalysts is the method of reducing with sodium borohydride. For the catalytic activity is optimized, it is necessary that the electrocatalyst is distributed evenly. One possibility is the use of complex precursor salts, including those with amine linker. In this work, we tried to assess the effect of adding an ammonium hydroxide solution (NH4OH) the solution of precursors. The electrocatalysts were characterized physically by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). For the electrochemical characterization, the techniques of chronoamperometry and cyclic voltammetry were used. The results of EDX showed that the compositions of the electrocatalysts were very close to the nominal composition. The crystallite size and the lattice parameter obtained by XRD showed changes with the change of the method. The TEM results show a homogeneous distribution more particle on electrocatalysts preparations with the addition of NH4OH solution 4 mol L-1 although this is not be determinant in electrocatalytic activity. Nos electrochemical testicles, as chains were for standard electro-oxidation of CO and load monolayer for the mass activity and compared this way. The cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry results showed different activities paragraph an electro-oxidation of methanol and ethanol. The results of DEMS electrocatalysts trimetallic of PtRuRh and PtRuPd showed different amounts of products and volatile. This way possible and establish an activity order these electrocatalysts.
Appears in Collections:Teses em Química (Doutorado) - PPGQ/ICEN

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