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Title: Arenito zeolítico com propriedades pozolânicas adicionadas ao cimento Portland
metadata.dc.creator: PICANÇO, Marcelo de Souza
metadata.dc.contributor.advisor1: ANGÉLICA, Rômulo Simões
Keywords: Cimento
Issue Date: 29-Aug-2011
Publisher: Universidade Federal do Pará
Citation: PICANÇO, Marcelo de Souza. Arenito zeolítico com propriedades pozolânicas adicionadas ao cimento Portland. Orientador: Rômulo Simões Angélica. 2011. 88 f. Tese (Doutorado em Geologia e Geoquímica) - Instituto de Geociências, Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém, 2011. Disponível em: Acesso em:.
Abstract: The proper use of pozzolans enables the production of special cements with lower manufacturing cost and higher durability in comparison with cements without mineral additions. It also enables significant gains in productivity and extending equipments life in the fabric, limestone reserves, and also helping in the reduction of CO2 release into the atmosphere. Zeolites have been used as pozzolanic material in mixtures with Fuller’s Earth and water in buildings from the ancient Roman Empire. Nowadays, there are many discussions involving pozzolanic reactivity of natural zeolites in the incorporation of Portland cement. In the Northeastern region of Brazil, sedimentary zeolites related to sandstones of the Parnaiba Basin wer discovered by the Geological Survey of Brazil in the 2000s. These sandstones are mainly composed by quartz, natural zeolites (estilbity) and clay (smectite). Preliminary studies have pointed that this sandstone may be used as pozzolanic material in Portland cements. The material must be previously sieved to remove quartz and thermally activated, since stilbite is a zeolite with low pozzolanic activity. The main objective of this work is to advance the understanding of the factors that govern the quality and performance of Portland cement modified with this zeolitic sandstone. For this work the structure was divided into three main stages, related to three specific objectives, so that the results are presented in the form of three scientific papers, described as follow: - Evaluation of the natural pozzolanic activity of the zeolitic sandstone to be used as mineral addition in the Portland cement. - The determination of which particle size provides the highest zeolite and smectite concentration, besides the calcination temperature that leads to a higer pozzolanic activity. - The establishing of the best amount of thermally activated zeolitic sandstone to be incorporated as a mineral addition in the Portland cement. During all phases, different instrumental techniques were used for the chemical and mineralogical characterization of the starting materials and products (sandstone + lime mortar, mortar with Portland cement + sandstone + Portland cement pastes sandstone), including: spectroscopy x-ray fluorescence, x-ray diffraction, thermal analysis and scanning electron microscopy. Heat-flow calorimetru assays were carried out to evaluate the physical properties, besides mechanical testing of compressive strength of cement mortars Porltand. In the first stage of the experimental program, the zeolitic sandstone was sieved into different granulometric fractions in order to remove the inert phases (quartz and other minerals), and concentrate the zeolite for further pozzolanic assays. In the second stage, after the first characterization of the samples, we used the zeolitic sandstone that passed in the # 200 and # 325 sieves and calcined at temperatures of 150º C, 300° C and 500° C. Finally, in the third stage, # 200 fraction was calcined at 500 ° C and mixed in different proportions (10, 20 and 30%) in the mortar. The results of the first stage, which culminated in the first article showed that the zeolitic sandstone accelerated the hydration of Portland cement due to the extreme fineness of the material. The sandstone showed pozzolanic activity, and estilbite is the main responsible for this behavior. However, the reactivity was slightly lower than the minimum required to be employed as pozzolan on an industrial scale. Additional studies are needed to ascertain if the thermal treatment between 400° C and 300o C could increase the pozzolanic activity of the sandstone due to the destruction of the crystalline structure of both estilbite and smectite. For the second stage, the results showed that the # 200 fraction was the most suitable because of the higher estilbite concentration (15%) in comparison to the # 325 ssample (2%). The calcination temperature of 500º C has provided the highest pozzolanic activity due to more effective destruction of the crystalline structure of both estilbite and smectite. More moderate temperatures of 150° C and 300° C were not enough. Mortars with the 200 # sample calcined at 500 ° C reached values smaller as those required for a material to be considered as a pozzolane, in this case, 6 MPa for mortar of lime and 75% for the pozzolanic activity index (IAP). The results showed from the third stage showed that the AZ2-3 mixture (10% of zeolitic sandstone incorporated in Portland cement type CPI-S), showed the best result of compressive strength and mineralogical properties of the samples suitable for the production a commercial cement type CPII-Z. In general, one concludes that the zeolitic sandstone from northeastern Brazil has the potential feasibility of producing a CPII-Z cement, whose pozolan contents ranges from 6 to 14% in the Portland cement, according to the ABNT - NBR 11578. Although the strength of the mortar with 10% of AZ2- 3 has reached resistance values close to the reference mortar with 100% of CPI-S, further studies should be carried out in order to find better proportion of sandstone and to meet the requirements for future commercialization.
Appears in Collections:Teses em Geologia e Geoquímica (Doutorado) - PPGG/IG

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