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metadata.dc.type: Artigo de Periódico
Issue Date: 2003
metadata.dc.creator: RIBEIRO, Rita de Cassia Mousinho
SOUSA, Gabriella Pante de
SANTOS, Eduardo José Melo dos
GUERREIRO, João Farias
Title: Genetic relationships among native americans based on beta-globin gene cluster haplotype frequencies
Citation: MOUSINHO-RIBEIRO, Rita de Cassia, et al. Genetic relationships among native americans based on beta-globin gene cluster haplotype frequencies. Genetics and Molecular Biology, São Paulo, v. 26, n. 3, p. 229-234, 2003. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 28 dez. 2012. <>.
Abstract: The distribution of b-globin gene haplotypes was studied in 209 Amerindians from eight tribes of the Brazilian Amazon: Asurini from Xingú, Awá-Guajá, Parakanã, Urubú-Kaapór, Zoé, Kayapó (Xikrin from the Bacajá village), Katuena, and Tiriyó. Nine different haplotypes were found, two of which (n. 11 and 13) had not been previously identified in Brazilian indigenous populations. Haplotype 2 (+ - - - -) was the most common in all groups studied, with frequencies varying from 70% to 100%, followed by haplotype 6 (- + + - +), with frequencies between 7% and 18%. The frequency distribution of the b-globin gene haplotypes in the eighteen Brazilian Amerindian populations studied to date is characterized by a reduced number of haplotypes (average of 3.5) and low levels of heterozygosity and intrapopulational differentiation, with a single clearly predominant haplotype in most tribes (haplotype 2). The Parakanã, Urubú-Kaapór, Tiriyó and Xavante tribes constitute exceptions, presenting at least four haplotypes with relatively high frequencies. The closest genetic relationships were observed between the Brazilian and the Colombian Amerindians (Wayuu, Kamsa and Inga), and, to a lesser extent, with the Huichol of Mexico. North-American Amerindians are more differentiated and clearly separated from all other tribes, except the Xavante, from Brazil, and the Mapuche, from Argentina. A restricted pool of ancestral haplotypes may explain the low diversity observed among most present-day Brazilian and Colombian Amerindian groups, while interethnic admixture could be the most important factor to explain the high number of haplotypes and high levels of diversity observed in some South-American and most North-American tribes.
Keywords: Diversidade genética
Polimorfismo genético
Amazônia brasileira
ISSN: 1415-4757
metadata.dc.rights: Acesso Aberto
Appears in Collections:Artigos Científicos - ICB

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