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Title: Desenvolvimento de técnicas de filtragem e sua aplicação a dados aeromagnéticos da Bacia Amazônica
Authors: LOURENÇO, José Seixas
Keywords: Filtração
Prospecção aeromagnética
Rio Amazonas
Amazonas - Estado
Amazônia brasileira
Issue Date: Aug-1976
Publisher: Universidade Federal do Pará
Citation: SILVA, João Batista Corrêa da. Desenvolvimento de técnicas de filtragem e sua aplicação a dados aeromagnéticos da Bacia Amazônica. 1976. 188 f. Dissertação (Mestrado) - Universidade Federal do Pará, Centro de Geociências, Belém, 1976. Curso de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Geofísicas e Geológicas.
Abstract: In this thesis two filtering methods were combined in order to enhance some features in an aeromagnetic map such as lineaments and anomalies caused by sources of large proportions. The visual filtering consisted of stereoscopic examination of pairs of maps. The numeric filtering involved the elimination of the undesirable spectral components (noise) and the enhancement of the desired spectral components (signal). Both methods were tested on aeromagnetic maps of the Middle Amazon Basin. All the numeric filtering operations were done in the space domain by convolving the aeromagnetic data with a 13x13 filter matrix. Special attention was paid to the preliminary analysis of the spectrum, as a guide in filter design. The results of the application of each filter was discussed in detail. A further topic also dealt with was basement fault models. The model analysis established a complementary interpretation method to the filtering methods. A structural interpretation of the Middle Amazon Basin's basement was provided. The dominant aeromagnetic trends were E-W, N60°W, N-S, N45°E and N60°E. Two grabens were quite evident. The younger one trends N-S, while the older one strikes N45°E. Two anomalies caused by sources of intermediate and large proportions (15-60km) exhibit remanent magnetization and high values of negative inclination, which shows that the Amazon Basin would be southernmost in the Paleozoic. In performing the integration of aeromagnetic data with other geophysical data avaiIable, the interpretation from other data proved consistent with the aeromagnetic interpretation, illustrating the reliability of the techniques employed in this thesis.
Appears in Collections:Dissertações em Geofísica (Mestrado) - CPGF/IG

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