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Title: Geofísica aplicada à prospecção de água subterrânea na área do Rio Paracauari – Ilha de Marajó - Pará
Authors: SAUCK, William August
Keywords: Prospecção - Métodos geofísicos
Águas subterrâneas
Rio Paracauari - PA
Ilha de Marajó - PA
Pará - Estado
Amazônia brasileira
Issue Date: 24-Aug-1979
Publisher: Universidade Federal do Pará
Citation: CAVALCANTI, Gerardo Majela Lima. Geofísica aplicada à prospecção de água subterrânea na área do Rio Paracauari – Ilha de Marajó - Pará. 1979. 88 f. Dissertação (Mestrado) - Universidade Federal do Pará, Centro de Geociências, Belém, 1979. Curso de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Geofísicas e Geológicas.
Abstract: The Rio Paracauari pilot study area in the east-central part of Marajo Island is typical of the low, planar, natural grasslands of this deltaic region. The cattle ranches of this area suffer considerable losses during the dry seasons because the groundwater is generally brackish. A 250 Km2 study area was chosen in wich geo-electrical methods were used to search for and outline any shallow fresh-water aquifers which might be present. Fifty-three Schlumberger vertical electric sondings were made on a grid of approximately 2 by 2.5 Km, as well as 5 horizontal Wenner resistivity profiles. The VES data were initially treated with the auxiliary point method and later, groups of models were constructed using a curve-generating routine to fit the field VES curves. The geo-electric results show two types of terrain. The first with higher resistivities, reaching to 950 ohm-m, is characterized by long (10 Km) belts up to one Km wide with dominantly sand sediments beginning near surface and extending to depths on the order of 60 m. These are saturated with potable water, with the water table typically at depths of only 2 to 5 m. These aquifer zones cover less than 30% of the area. The second type of terrain occupying the rest of the area has resistivities less than 6 ohm-m and often as low as 0.5 ohm-m, and is interpreted as silts and clays with saline water. Water samples taken from the surface and from shallow wells show a range of resistivities between 1.1 and 362 ohm-m. Seven drill holes were made, to depths as great as 54m. These verified the geophysical interpretations and clearly showed the differences between the channel-fill deposits which constitute the aquifers (channel sands or point bar deposits) and the fine, organic and clay-rich sediments of the adjacent flood-plain environment. Several of the drill holes were completed as water wells and now supply potable water on two of the ranches. Although the ages of the sediments are unknown, these large channels could have been excavated during the Pleistocene sea-level minimum and later filled with coarse, medium, and fine sand as sea level rose again, diminishing the velocities of the rivers or distributaries passing through the region. There has since been a drainage reversal, with the belts underlain by channel sands now existing as slight topographic highs, which could be explained by differential compaction.
Appears in Collections:Dissertações em Geofísica (Mestrado) - CPGF/IG

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