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Title: Avaliação da influência dos cátions Na+, Ca2+ e Mg2+ na desativação de Ca, Mg-Bentonitas
metadata.dc.creator: CARMO, Andre Luiz Vilaça do
metadata.dc.contributor.advisor1: ANGÉLICA, Rômulo Simões
Keywords: Bentonita
Issue Date: 28-Apr-2015
Publisher: Universidade Federal do Pará
Citation: CARMO, André Luiz Vilaça do. Avaliação da influência dos cátions Na+, Ca2+ e Mg2+ na desativação de Ca, Mg-Bentonitas. Orientador: Rômulo Simões Angélica. 2015. 69 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Geologia e Geoquímica) – Instituto de Geociências. Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém, 2015. Disponível em: Acesso em:.
Abstract: In Brazil there is no occurrence of sodium bentonite, because of that, companies that explore this mineral raw material using a denominated sodium activation process, which is the exchange of cations in the interlayer space by Na+. Through this process, the bentonite present considerable improvements in their properties rheologies. However, after some time, these properties decline, which has been called deactivation. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of cations Na+, Mg 2+ and Ca2+ in the bentonite deactivation. For this, three bentonite considered calcic, from the state of Paraíba, and a magnesian, coming from the state of Maranhão, were studied in its natural form, activated and washed. The mineralogical phases of the samples were identified by X-ray Diffraction (XRD), chemical composition by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) and cations in the interlayer by Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC). The rheological properties’ study was carried out by swelling. The XRD patterns showed that the dioctahedral smectite is the dominant mineral phase. There was the improvement in swelling results of all bentonite after the sodium activation, as well as subsequent decrease in the swelling value over 95 days (deactivation). Only one of the bentonite remained activated. The swelling results of washed bentonite showed increased for approximately the first 35 days, with subsequent decrease. The chemical composition results showed that a small amount of Na+ is removed from the washed bentonite. Furthermore, these results indicate that not only Na+ influences the swelling, but also Ca2+ and Mg2+ cations.
Appears in Collections:Dissertações em Geologia e Geoquímica (Mestrado) - PPGG/IG

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