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Title: Precolumbian land use and settlement pattern in the Santarém region, lower Amazon
Other Titles: Uso da terra e padrão de assentamento pré-colombiano na região de Santarém, baixo Amazonas
metadata.dc.creator: STENBORG, Per
SCHAAN, Denise Pahl
LIMA, Anderson Marcio Amaral
Keywords: Tapajó ceramics
Settlement patterns
Lower Amazon
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Universidade Federal do Pará
Citation: STENBORG, Per; SCHAAN, Denise Pahl; LIMA, Anderson Marcio Amaral. Precolumbian land use and settlement pattern in the Santarém region, lower Amazon. Amazônica: Revista de Antropologia, Belém, v. 4, n. 1, p. 222-250, jul. 2012. DOI: Disponível em: Acesso em:.
Abstract: One of the most promising areas for the study of pre-Columbian complex societies in the Amazon River basin is the area of the lower Tapajos, Trombetas and Nhamundá rivers. There are written accounts on the Konduri and Tapajó Indians, presenting information on their regional social organization, trade patterns, abundance of foods, and material world. Hence, archaeological evidences – immense sites, full of anthrosols remains, and beautiful artefacts – may be contrasted with written information. These rich cultural deposits are vanishing at an alarming rate, as urban centres grow, and agriculture expands in the region. Despite this situation, little archaeological research has been conducted in the area, especially when it comes to investigations of ancient settlement systems and trade patterns. In the last couple of years, we have performed surveys in the Lower Tapajós River basin. The archaeological record indicates that pottery showing strong stylistic resemblance to that found at the large central site is spread at least as far as 90km to the south of present Santarém city. This article presents the results of a regional survey in the vicinities of Santarém, in the Belterra plateau, and Alter do Chão, offering a preliminary settlement system analysis in the region.
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