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Title: Análise mineralógica por difratometria de raios-X e método de análise de agrupamento (cluster analysis) como critério para individualização de horizontes bauxíticos
metadata.dc.creator: OLIVEIRA, Kelly Silva
metadata.dc.contributor.advisor1: ANGÉLICA, Rômulo Simões
Keywords: Bauxita
Raios X
Análise por agrupamento
Paragominas - PA
Issue Date: 8-Mar-2017
Publisher: Universidade Federal do Pará
Citation: OLIVEIRA, Kelly Silva. Análise mineralógica por difratometria de raios-X e método de análise de agrupamento (cluster analysis) como critério para individualização de horizontes bauxíticos. Orientador: Rômulo Simões Angélica. 2017. 82 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Geologia e Geoquímica) - Instituto de Geociências, Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém, 2017. Disponível em: Acesso em:.
Abstract: The formation of wide profile of alteration like as bauxitic deposits on Amazon during Cenozoic period is resultant of intense intemperism caused by seasonal climate, elevated temperature and humidity that are characteristics this region. The bauxitic Province of Paragominas, localized in the east portion the state Pará and west portion of Maranhão, occupies 50,000 km2 approximately forming the largest group of bauxite of Brazil. This work was used X-ray diffractometry, a technique that requires little analysis time, minimum pretreatment steps and small sample amounts, associated with cluster analysis for identify and group samples of same horizon of bauxitic profile of the mine Miltonia 3, Paragominas-PA. The results obtain were correlated with chemical analysis, frequently used for quality control and processing of bauxites. The samples used in this work and your chemical analysis were made available for company Norsk Hydro. The mineralogical types of ore were initially defined through clusters analysis of the XRD patterns of two sections (HIJ-229 e HIJ-231) from polling mesh, with 23 holes each section, and with 375 samples analyzed in all. Based on peak position and intensity of the pattern XRD was possible discern the bauxitics horizons. Due the mineralogic similarity this horizon, the differences found in this group refer principals proportions of minerals constituents: Gibbsite, kaolinite, goethite, hematite, and, more rarely, quartz and anatase. Thought clusters analyses was possible to separate by group a set of similar samples, besides facilitate the analysis of many samples quickly and with efficient results. It was possible yet observe a good correlation of the clusters with the lithotypes identified by the company Norsk Hydro through the results of the chemical analysis. In this way, the analysis of clusters in diffractograms of samples of aluminum ore can be an efficient tool aiding in the protocols of processing of this material.
Appears in Collections:Dissertações em Geologia e Geoquímica (Mestrado) - PPGG/IG

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