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Title: Modelagem sísmica via métodos das diferenças finitas: caso da bacia do Amazonas
Other Titles: Seismic modeling by finites difference method: case of Amazon basin
metadata.dc.creator: FERNANDES, Lindemberg Lima
CRUZ, João Carlos Ribeiro
BLANCO, Claudio José Cavalcante
BARP, Ana Rosa Baganha
Keywords: Modelagem
Diferenças finitas
Bacia do Amazonas
Finite differences
Amazon Basin
Issue Date: Mar-2009
Publisher: Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia
Citation: FERNANDES, Lindemberg Lima et al. Modelagem sísmica via métodos das diferenças finitas: caso da bacia do Amazonas. Acta Amazonica, Manaus, v. 39, n. 1, p. 155-163, mar. 2009. DOI: Disponível em: Acesso em:.
Abstract: This paper discusses the seismic modeling in medium with strong discontinuities in its physical properties. The approach takes in consideration the existences diffractions and multiple reflections in the analyzed medium, which, at that case, is the Amazon Basin. The stability and boundary conditions of modeling were analyzed by the method of the finite differences. Sedimentary rocks deposited since the Ordovician to the present, reaching depth up to 5 Km. The bodies of diabasic between the paleozoic sediments are layers reaching thickness of hundred meters, which add to 90.000 km3, form the geology of the Amazon Basin. The occurrence of these structures is responsible for multiple reflections during the propagation of the seismic waves, which become impossible a better imaging of horizons located bellow the layers. The representation this geological situation was performed an (synthetic) acoustic velocity model. The numerical discretization scheme is based in a fourth order approximation of the acoustic wave equation in space and time The understanding of the wave propagation heterogeneous medium has improved for the application of the finite difference method. The method achieves a good resolution in the interpretation of seismic reflection events. The numerical results discusses in this paper have allowed to observed the influence of the multiple reflection in a high velocity layer. It increase a loss of energy and difficult the interpretation of the target. For this reason the integration of surface data with the well data is recommended, with the objective to get one better image of the targets below of the diabasic layer.
ISSN: 1809-4392
Appears in Collections:Artigos Científicos - FAESA/ITEC

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