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Title: Análise taxonômica e molecular de Cestoda nematotaeniidae parasito de intestino delgado de Rhinella marina (Linnaeus, 1758) (Amphibia: Bufonidae) de Belém-Pa
metadata.dc.creator: MELO, Francisco Tiago de Vasconcelos
metadata.dc.contributor.advisor1: SANTOS, Jeannie Nascimento dos
Keywords: Cestoda
Rhinella marina
Belém - PA
Pará - Estado
Amazônia brasileira
Issue Date: 2-Jul-2010
Publisher: Universidade Federal do Pará
Citation: MELO, Francisco Tiago de Vasconcelos. Análise taxonômica e molecular de Cestoda nematotaeniidae parasito de intestino delgado de Rhinella marina (Linnaeus, 1758) (Amphibia: Bufonidae) de Belém-Pa. 2010. 112 f. Dissertação (Mestrado) – Universidade Federal do Pará, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Belém, 2010. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia de Agentes Infecciosos e Parasitários.
Abstract: The amphibians of the species Rhinella marina known also as Giant Toad and have cosmopolitan distribution. Posses nocturnes habits, due of variety of feeding they can live in different habitats. Then, they can have many kinds of helminthes parasites. Among the helminthes, the cestodas are the target of study of this work. The members of Nematotaeniidae Family are commonly found in small intestine of repitilian and amphibians. The frequent auto-infestation would justify the high taxes of parasitism in one host. The present study has the objective to identify and to characterize the Cestoda of Rhinella marina from Belém-PA. Twenty hosts were captured in homes of the metropolitan area of Belém-PA and, after necropsy the Cestoda were isolated of intestine, and some specimens were fixed in A.F.A (Glacial Acid Acetic 2%, Formaldehyde 3% and 95 % of Etanol 70º GL), and some worms fixed in 2% Glutaraldehyde in Cacodilate buffer 0,1m P.h 7,4, to process in different techniques. One part of the samples was dehydrated in Etanol Series, and stained with Carmim®, and clarified with Metil Salicilate®. Some specimens were dehydrated and included in Paraffin for acomplishement of longitudinal and tranverse cuts. The worms fixed in Glutaraldehyde were dehydrated and included in Historesin®. Some Cestoda were processed for Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). An indentification was accomplished throught drawings in Olympus BX 41 microscope equipped with camera lucida, pictures were taken in a MEDILUX microscope, with image captures system and in MEV JEOL 5310. Histological sections were photographed and 3D reconstruction was made in RECONSTRUCTTM software. The cestoid possess a cylindrical body, filiform and with difficult segmentation, except in the final portion of the strobila. Escolex with four suckers without hooks or apical organ, the pregnant proglotis presents two piriform capsules, funded in the basis and containing one or more eggs. The observations in SEM and light microscopy of the cestoda founded in small intestine of R.marina from Belém-PA, we observed that these Cestoda belong to Nematotaeniidae Family, meanwhile the other morphologic characters observed did not permit us to classify this helminth in any Gender of this Family.
Appears in Collections:Dissertações em Biologia de Agentes Infecciosos e Parasitários (Mestrado) - PPGBAIP/ICB

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