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Title: Convergências e/ou divergências no sistema de crenças e práticas parentais: comparação entre duas amostras amazônicas
Other Titles: Convergence and divergence in cultural belief system and parenting practices: a comparison of two amazon samples
metadata.dc.creator: BELTRÃO, Manuela Cavaleiro de Macêdo
metadata.dc.contributor.advisor1: BRITO, Regina Célia Souza
Keywords: Psicologia evolucionista
Crenças parentais
Crenças maternas
Desenvolvimento infantil
Estratégias de cuidado parenteral
Belém - PA
Santa Bárbara - PA
Pará - Estado
Amazônia brasileira
Issue Date: 11-Dec-2010
Publisher: Universidade Federal do Pará
Citation: BELTRÃO, Manuela Cavaleiro de Macêdo. Convergências e/ou divergências no sistema de crenças e práticas parentais: comparação entre duas amostras amazônicas. 2010. 162 f. Tese (Doutorado) - Universidade Federal do Pará, Núcleo de Teoria e Pesquisa do Comportamento, Belém, 2010. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Teoria e Pesquisa do Comportamento.
Abstract: The purpose of this research was to identify convergecies and divergencies in ethnotheories, socialization goals and parenting practices in two Amazonian ecological contexts, trying to analyze the relationship between biological and ecoculturals factors. Ninety nine mothers participated of the research: Fifty from Belém ( CEU – Urban context) and forty nine from Santa Barbara ( CENU – non urban context) . The mothers aged over 18 years with at least one child aged between 0 and 6 years. Data were collected through interviews and questionnaires were applied for the data analysis were applied statistical criteria and theoretical support of Evolutionary Psychology. The data indicated that the communities studied in relation to sociodemographic data differ systematically from one another, depending on the levels of technological development and organizations of social context. The social world of children from CEU and CENU represent developmental contexts that offer different opportunities. The literature indicates that the established social exchanges between children and caregivers can reflect on the child's development in relation to the cognitive, emotional and social. The results indicate that mothers of CEU despite being more autonomous than those of CENU were relational too, showing that perhaps the changes that affect the context, occurring faster in urbanized environments. Moreover, the data seem to indicate that the contexts are transition from the interdependent model to an autonomousrelational model. However, it is noted that the ideas that mothers have about the importance of certain actions do not always reflect their practices. In relation to primary care mothers seem to appreciate and perform equally. Mothers of CENU value more than mothers of CEU the body contact. The results directed to body stimulation were very interesting, because the items that were more important and charged by CEU mothers were the same that were less important and charged by CENU mothers. With respect to object stimulation CEU mothers give more importance to the practices than carrying out the practices and vice versa happens in CENU. The mothers of CEU attributed greater importance to face face system. Our data suggest that mothers of both contexts are using distal and proximal parenting strategies at the same time, or want their children to become self-sufficient, but also want them to be respectful and obedient. Moreover, our findings confirm that four systems describe the interactional experiences of children and express the cultural emphasis of particular styles and combinations. There were no significant differences in beliefs and practices between CEU and CENU mothers, which led us to consider that parental beliefs, therefore adapt to context, varied less conspicuously in the selected cities than in other cities examined in other studies. Another issue found that was very interesting was about the CEU mothers’ educational level and the valorization of relational goals, because according literature, the educational level of mothers becomes an important variable in relation to socialization goals. CENU has shown a tendency to relational practices and relational goals. This context provides a way of life closer to the interdependence model, in which mothers tend to value the norms and rules determined by the family or group to which they belong. The hypothesis that practices and goals of CEU would be more independent could not be confirmed, so we realized that this context features both independent and interdependent models. It was assumed that CENU and CEU contexts are undergoing changes, since mothers may believe one thing and actually doing otherwise.
Appears in Collections:Teses em Teoria e Pesquisa do Comportamento (Doutorado) - PPGTPC/NTPC

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