Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.ufpa.br/jspui/handle/2011/5414
metadata.dc.type: Artigo de Periódico
Issue Date: 2010
metadata.dc.creator: RODRIGUES, Antonio Manoel da Cruz
DARNET, Sylvain Henri
SILVA, Luiza Helena Meller da
Title: Fatty acid profiles and tocopherol contents of buriti (Mauritia flexuosa), patawa (Oenocarpus bataua), tucuma (Astrocaryum vulgare), mari (Poraqueiba paraensis) and inaja (Maximiliana maripa) fruits
Citation: RODRIGUES, Antonio M. da Cruz; DARNET, Sylvain; SILVA, Luiza H. Meller da. Fatty acid profiles and tocopherol contents of buriti (Mauritia flexuosa), patawa (Oenocarpus bataua), tucuma (Astrocaryum vulgare), mari (Poraqueiba paraensis) and inaja (Maximiliana maripa) fruits. Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, São Paulo, v. 21, n. 10, p. 2000-2004, 2010. Disponível em: <http://www.scielo.br/pdf/jbchs/v21n10/a28v2110.pdf>. Acesso em: 19 fev. 2014. <http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532010001000028>.
metadata.dc.description.resumo: O buriti, tucumã, inajá, mari e patauá são palmeiras endêmicas da região Amazônica. As polpas destes frutos são tradicionalmente consumidas pela população local, mas ainda não ganharam os mercados nacionais e internacionais. A composição nutricional em ácidos graxos foi determinada por cromatografia gasosa (CG) e a de tocoferol determinada por cromatografia liquida de alta eficiência (CLAE). As polpas se mostraram bastante energéticas, com um alto teor de óleo que variou entre 31,0 a 41,8%. Os ácidos graxos que apresentaram maiores concentrações foram o oleico (C18:1) e o palmítico (C16:0), para todas as polpas estudadas. A polpa de buriti foi a que apresentou maior teor de vitamina E sendo considerada uma ótima fonte de tocoferol. O α-tocoferol foi o tocoferol predominante, com exceção da polpa de buriti. Os dados indicaram que as frutas estudadas são boas fontes de ácidos graxos insaturados e tocoferóis.
Abstract: Amazonian fruits are rich in fat but have a fatty acid profile that may be beneficial in relation to risk of coronary heart disease. Amazonian fruits also contain other potentially cardioprotective constituents including tocopherols. Tocopherol profiles were determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and fatty acid profiles were determined by gas chromatography (GC). In the present study, the total oil content, fatty acid composition and tocopherol content of the pulps of five Amazonian fruits (buriti, patawa, tucuma, mari and inaja) were measured. The total oil content of the fruits ranged from 31.0 to 41.8%. The major fatty acid in all of the fruits was oleic acid (C18:1), though substantial levels of palmitic acid (C16:0) were present. Linoleic acid (C18:2) was the main polyunsatured fatty acid observed. α-Tocopherol was the most prevalent tocopherol except in buriti pulp. Buriti and mari pulp have a high content in α-tocopherols with 297 and 155 µg g-1 of dry matter. Our data indicate that all five of these Amazonian fruits are good sources of unsaturated fatty acids and tocopherols.
Keywords: Buriti
Tucumã
Inajá
Mari
Patauá
Polpa de frutas
Ácidos graxos
Pará - Estado
Amazônia brasileira
ISSN: 0103-5053
metadata.dc.rights: Acesso Aberto
Appears in Collections:Artigos Científicos - ITEC

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