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metadata.dc.type: Tese
Issue Date: 26-Jun-2015
metadata.dc.creator: ROSA, Adriana de Nazaré Farias da
metadata.dc.contributor.advisor1: COSTA, João Crisóstomo Weyl Albuquerque
metadata.dc.contributor.advisor-co1: CARVALHO, Solon Venâncio de
Title: Statistical analysis and markov modeling of dynamic resource provisioning in elastic optical networks
metadata.dc.description.sponsorship: CNPq - Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico
Citation: ROSA, Adriana de Nazaré Farias da. Statistical analysis and markov modeling of dynamic resource provisioning in elastic optical networks. 2015. 89 f. Tese (Doutorado) - Universidade Federal do Pará, Instituto de Tecnologia, Belém, 2015. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia Elétrica.
Abstract: The current trends in optical fiber communications are rapidly approaching the physical capacity limit of standard optical fiber. It is becoming increasingly important to efficiently utilize spectral resources wisely to accommodate the ever-increasing Internet traffic demand. However, the rigid and coarse ITU-T grid specifications regarding the spectrum usage restrict the granularity of bandwidth segmentation and allocation, which frequently causes a mismatch between the allocated and the actual requested link bandwidth. This often leads to over provisioning, where usually more resources are provided than necessary. Recently, the concept of elastic optical networks (EONs) has been proposed in order to reduce the waste of spectra resources. In networks with such feature enabled, modulation parameters and central frequencies are not fixed as in the traditional WDM networks: the resources can be allocated with fine granularity, which can adapt to the granularity of the requested bandwidth without over provisioning. This results in more efficient usage of spectral resources. However, elastic optical networks must satisfy dynamic connection add and drop over spectral resources that inevitable results in fragmentation of the spectrum. In EONs, spectrum fragmentation is an important and inevitable problem, because it reduces the spectral efficiency. As consequence, the blocking probability (BP) is increased due to scattered gaps in the optical grid. Currently, several metrics have been proposed in order to quantify a level of spectrum fragmentation. Approximation methods might be used for estimating average blocking probability and some fragmentation measures, but are so far unable to accurately evaluate the influence of different requested connection bandwidths and do not allow in-depth investigation of blocking events and their relation to fragmentation. This thesis presents the analytical study of the effect of fragmentation on requests’ blocking probability.In this study, new definitions for blocking that differentiate between the reasons for the blocking events were introduced. An analytical framework based on Markov modeling was proposed in order to calculate steady-state probabilities for the different blocking events and to analyze fragmentation related problems in elastic optical links under dynamic traffic conditions. Statistical investigations were derived in order to investigate how different allocation request sizes contribute to fragmentation and blocking probability. This work is complemented with the introduction of a new accommodated fragmentation metric that allows better differentiating between very small variations of spectrum occupancy. Moreover, we show to which extend blocking events, due to insufficient amount of available resources, become inevitable and, comparing to the amount of blocking events due to fragmented spectrum, we draw conclusions on the possible gains one can achieve by system defragmentation. We also show how efficient spectrum allocation policies really are in reducing the part of fragmentation that in particular leads to actual blocking events. Simulation experiments are carried out showing good match with our analytical results for blocking probability in a small scale scenario. Simulated blocking probabilities for the different blocking events are provided for a larger scale node- and network-wise operation scenario in elastic optical networks.
Keywords: Comunicações óticas
Fibras óticas
Processos de Markov
Modelos matemáticos
Publisher: Universidade Federal do Pará
metadata.dc.publisher.initials: UFPA
metadata.dc.publisher.department: Instituto de Tecnologia
metadata.dc.publisher.program: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia Elétrica
metadata.dc.rights: Acesso Aberto
Appears in Collections:Teses em Engenharia Elétrica (Doutorado) - PPGEE/ITEC

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