Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.ufpa.br/jspui/handle/2011/7940
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Type: Artigo de Periódico
Issue Date: Dec-2015
Authors: VINAGRE, Igor Dias Ferreira
QUEIROZ, André Lima de
SILVA JÚNIOR, Mário Ribeiro da
VINAGRE, Ruth Maria Dias Ferreira
MARTINS, Luisa Caricio
Title: Helicobacter pylori infection in patients with different gastrointestinal diseases from northern brazil
Citation: VINAGRE, Igor Dias Ferreira et al. Helicobacter pylori infection in patients with different gastrointestinal diseases from northern Brazil. Arqivos de Gastroenterologia, São Paulo, v. 52, n. 4, p. 266-271, out/dez. 2015. Disponível em: <http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0004-28032015000400266&lng=pt&nrm=iso>. Acesso em: 21 mar. 2017. <http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-28032015000400004>.
Abstract: Background - The mechanisms whereby Helicobacter pylori produces different pathological manifestations in the stomach and duodenum are not fully understood. Considering the geographic diversity in the prevalence of virulence factors of this microorganism and their association with the development of different diseases, the search for pathogenicity markers such as CagA and VacA alleles by molecular techniques has intensified. Objectives - To investigate the presence of H. pylori infection and the frequency of different genotypes of this bacterium in patients with gastrointestinal diseases from Northern Brazil, and to establish their association with the histopathological findings. Methods - In a prospective study, samples were collected from 554 patients with different gastrointestinal diseases (gastritis, duodenal ulcer, gastric ulcer, and gastric cancer) seen at a referral hospital attending the entire State of Pará, located in the metropolitan region of Belém. Data such as gender and age obtained with an epidemiological questionnaire were analyzed. The presence of H. pylori and the bacterial genotype were investigated by PCR. Gastric biopsies were assessed histologically. Results - The prevalence of H. pylori infection was 91%. Infection was more frequent among patients with gastric ulcer and gastric cancer. In these groups, there was a predominance of men and older patients when compared to the other two groups studied. The predominant bacterial genotype was s1m1cagA+, which was more frequent among patients with gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer and gastric cancer. A significant association was observed between s1m1cagA+ strains and a higher degree of inflammation, neutrophil activity and development of intestinal metaplasia. Conclusion - The present study demonstrates a high incidence of H. pylori infection in the patients analyzed, especially among those with gastric ulcer and gastric cancer. Virulent s1m- 1cagA+ strains predominated and were associated with more severe lesions.
Keywords: Helicobacter pylori
Patologia
Infecção
Doenças gastrointestinais
Genótipo
Análise histopatológica
Hospital Ophir Loyola
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
ISSN: 1678-4219
Country: Brasil
Publisher: Universidade Federal do Pará
Institution Acronym: UFPA
Appears in Collections:Artigos Científicos - FAMED/ICS
Artigos Científicos - NMT

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