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Title: Técnicas voltamétricas com eletrodo de filme de bismuto modificado com edta e ebt para determinação de Ca2+ e Mg2+ em biodiesel
metadata.dc.creator: MULLER, Renata Medeiros Lobo
metadata.dc.contributor.advisor1: MÜLLER, Regina Celi Sarkis
Keywords: Química analítica
Voltametria adsortiva de redissolução
Issue Date: 19-Aug-2016
Publisher: Universidade Federal do Pará
Citation: MULLER, Renata Medeiros Lobo. Técnicas voltamétricas com eletrodo de filme de bismuto modificado com edta e ebt para determinação de Ca2+ e Mg2+ em biodiesel. 2016. 100 f. Tese (Doutorado) - Universidade Federal do Pará, Instituto de Ciências Exatas e Naturais, Belém, 2016. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Química.
Abstract: This study presents the development of alternative electrochemical methods for the determination of Mg2+ and Ca2+ through voltammetry technique of adsorptive stripping voltammetry (VAdR) with anodic scan. Bismuth film electrode modified with eriochrome black-T (EBT) was used for modification of the electrode in the determination of Mg2+ in the pulse differential mode (DPAdSV), while EDTA has been used for determination of Ca2+ in wave mode square (SWAdSV). The determination of Mg2+ was performed using acetate buffer (0.1 mol L-1) at pH = 4.5, EBT as supporting electrolyte and 1.0 x 10-3 mol L-1 as a binder. Successive additions of aliquots of the stock solution were made Mg2+ 1.0 x 10-3 mol L-1 so that the ion was pre-concentrated on the sensor surface under the following conditions optimized voltammetric: deposition potential (EDEP) = - 1.0 V; Pre time - concentration (Tpre) = 120 s; scan speed (v) = 0.050 V s-1; pulse amplitude (Amp) = 0.1 V. The complex formed Mg2+ EBT showed a peak current of about - 0.6 V. The determination of Ca2+ was made using ammonium buffer (0.01 mol L-1) at pH 9.4, as supporting electrolyte and EDTA 1.0 x 10-2 mol L-1 as a binder under the following optimum conditions: deposition potential (EDEP) = -1.0 V; preconcentration time (Tpre) = 90 sec; frequency (freq.) = 15 Hz; width = 0,075V and Step E) = 0.004 V. The complex formed Ca2+ EDTA showed a peak current of approximately - 0.2 V. The result was consistent statistically considering t -test for a 95% confidence level. The levels were lower CV of 11.0% (Mg2+ and Ca2+), recoveries were in the range 95.0 to 108.0% (Mg2+) and from 97.8 to 105.0% (Ca2+) and the values of detection limits were 1.05 x 10-6 mol L-1 (Mg2+) and 2.8 x 10-7 mol L-1 (Ca2+), and quantitation 3.51 x 10-6 mol L-1 (Mg2+) and 9.46 x 10-7 mol L-1 (Ca2+) for the samples analyzed, showing good accuracy and sensitivity of the proposed method. The values obtained for the samples ranged from 1.47 x 10-5 ± 1.28 x 10-6 mol L-1 (Mg2+) and 5.57 x 10-6 ± 3.77 x 10-7 mol L-1 (Ca2+) on samples of biodiesel. The determination of metals such as Ca2+ and Mg2+ by electrochemical techniques with chemically modified electrodes has as main advantages its detectability and the selectivity.
Appears in Collections:Teses em Química (Doutorado) - PPGQ/ICEN

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