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Title: Perfil cromatográfico e potencial químico e biológico de fungos de solo e fungos endofíticos isolados de Bauhinia guianensis e Mimosa acutistipula var. Ferrea
Other Titles: Chromatographic profile and chemical and biological potential of soil fungi and endophytic fungi isolated from Bauhinia guianensis and Mimosa acutistipula var. ferrea
metadata.dc.creator: PINHEIRO, Eduardo Antonio Abreu
metadata.dc.contributor.advisor1: MARINHO, Patrícia Santana Barbosa
Keywords: Química dos produtos naturais
Análise cromatográfica
Fungos endofíticos
Fungos de solo
Bauhinia guianensis
Mimosa acutistipula
Serra dos Carajás - PA
Pará - Estado
Issue Date: 4-Mar-2016
Publisher: Universidade Federal do Pará
Citation: PINHEIRO, Eduardo Antonio Abreu. Perfil cromatográfico e potencial químico e biológico de fungos de solo e fungos endofíticos isolados de Bauhinia guianensis e Mimosa acutistipula var. Ferrea. 2016. 273 f. Tese (Doutorado) - Universidade Federal do Pará, Instituto de Ciências Exatas e Naturais, Belém, 2016. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Química.
Abstract: The study of natural sources and that exhibit little explored specific ecological interactions their habitat has been emphasized as a strategy for the discovery of new substances with biological activities. In this context, this study aims to carry out the chemical and bioactive study of endophytic fungi and the Amazon soil fungi, to contribute in the search for bioactive compounds. In this study, 15 fungal species were reactivated in Petri dishes containing PDA medium. After reactivation, microfungal extracts 15 were obtained according to a methodology adapted Smedsgaar. The micro extracts were evaluated by UPLC / MS to determine the chromatographic profile and was made to evaluate the clusters separation main components, and are also subjected to antimicrobial assays and test preliminary cytotoxicity on Artemia salina for the assessment of biological potential. chemical studies were conducted with Aspergillus sp. EJC08, Exserohilum rostratum 1:11 Er and Aspergillus sp. FRIZ12. The three fungal species were grown on solid medium (rice) in sufficient quantity for the isolation of secondary metabolites. The compounds were isolated by chromatographic methods and identified by spectroscopic methods. Twelve compounds were obtained, three steroids in common fungal species (ergosterol, ergosterol peroxide and cerivisterol), mixture of two steroids commonly found in plants (β-sitosterol and estigmaterol), five substances polyketide source (2-benzyl- 4H- pyran-4-one, flavasperona, annularinas I and J monocerina), a carbohydrate (5- hydroxymethylfurfural) and a nucleoside (uridine). Of the isolated compounds, there are the annularinas I and J, novel natural products, and 2-benzyl-4H-pyran-4-one, second occurrence as a natural product. The polyketides and uridine showed good antimicrobial activity and moderate cytotoxic activities in general.
Appears in Collections:Teses em Química (Doutorado) - PPGQ/ICEN

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