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Title: Estudo químico e atividade biológica de Nephrolepis brownii e da biomassa produzida pelo fungo endofítico NB-1 associado à espécie
metadata.dc.creator: CAVALCANTE, Francisco Otávio da Rocha
metadata.dc.contributor.advisor1: SANTOS, Lourivaldo da Silva
Keywords: Química dos produtos naturais
Nephrolepis brownii
Stoloniferol B
Fungo endofítico NB-1
Issue Date: 23-Sep-2016
Publisher: Universidade Federal do Pará
Citation: CAVALCANTE, Francisco Otávio da Rocha. Estudo químico e atividade biológica de Nephrolepis brownii e da biomassa produzida pelo fungo endofítico NB-1 associado à espécie. 2016. 137 f. Tese (Doutorado) - Universidade Federal do Pará, Instituto de Ciências Exatas e Naturais, Belém, 2016. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Química.
Abstract: The species Nephrolepis brownii, commonly known as fern, can be easily found in the Amazon region. It is a creeping species, which spreads easily and inhibits small around plants. N. brownii like other ferns are also known as "sky ladder", which are widely used as ornamental plants and medicinal purposes. This is the first work which is carried out the chemical study of N. brownii, where the Fernene substances were isolated (S1) and Pinitol (S2) from the aerial parts of it. In the study of the essential oil of N. brownii were identified 80 substances, most belonging to the aldehyde functions (26.62%), alcohol (25.11%) and ketone (17.15%), among those Z-2-(3,3-dimetilciclohexlidene)-ethanol (8.65%), safrole (8.81%) undecan-2-one (8.89%), teaspirano (8.99%), n-tridecane (9.05 %), n-undecanal (9.20%), o-methyl-orcinol (9.32%) and deca-(2E,4E)-dienal (9.41%) were majority. Aerial parts of N. brownii was isolated as endophytic fungus called NB-1, which was grown on solid medium (rice) and liquid medium (Czapek) for the growth of fungal colonies and obtain extracts. From the ethyl acetate extract fungal (rice) were isolated p-Hydroxybenzaldehyde substances (S3), p-hydroxyphenylacetic acid (S4) and 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (S5). From the culture in liquid medium (cazpek) were isolated substances ergosterol peroxide (S6) stoloniferol B (S7) both phases ethyl acetate (1 and 2). The NB-1 fungus has been shown to biotransform substances such as chalcone 3-(2,3,4-trimethoxyphenyl)-1-(4-methoxy)-2-propen-1-one and aromatic ketone 4-nitroacetophenone. Tests were conducted to evaluate the phytotoxicity of extracts and compounds in the face of evil seeds and kills pasture where the best results were for EBM/Hex, EBM/EtOAc and EBM/n-But extracts, highlighting the EBM / AcOEt had 100% inhibition against the germination of seeds of malice. The EFMeOH extract showed significant inhibitory effect on the germination of seeds of malice and kill pasture, with high values, 75% and 100%, respectively. The substances tested showed no satisfactory results in the face of evil seeds and kills pasture. It investigated the biological potential of the substances S1, S2, S3 and S5, which have not been active for L. amazonensis promastigote form a species.
Appears in Collections:Teses em Química (Doutorado) - PPGQ/ICEN

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