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Title: Soroprevalência da rubéola nas puérperas de uma maternidade pública, Belém-PA
metadata.dc.creator: ROCHA, Margareth Vargas
metadata.dc.contributor.advisor1: BICHARA, Cléa Nazaré Carneiro
Keywords: Epidemiologia
Saúde pública
Belém - PA
Pará - Estado
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Universidade Federal do Pará
Citation: ROCHA, Margareth Vargas. Soroprevalência da rubéola nas puérperas de uma maternidade pública, Belém-PA. 2013. 65 f. Dissertação (Mestrado) – Universidade Federal do Pará, Núcleo de Medicina Tropical, Belém, 2013. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Doenças Tropicais.
Abstract: Rubella was considered a disease of little relevance to the fourth decade of the twentieth century, by presenting a benign symptoms, however, in 1941, in Australia, the ophthalmologist Norman McAlister Gregg made association between rubella infection in early pregnancy and the occurrence of defects congenital, passing thus constitute a public health problem today preventable disease, the aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of postpartum rubella in a public hospital, Bethlehem PA, describing and correlating the demographic profile (age, origin, education level, marital status, race, and income) and conditions of prenatal seropositivity found. The prospective study involved 228 women, randomly chosen from the wards in Obstetrics Maternity Holy House of Mercy of Para, between January to March 2011, with application protocol form for interview and serology for rubella blood obtained before delivery or immediately after this, using the ELISA method for antibodies to anti-IgG. Prevailed in this study the age range 14-26 years (66.2 %), living in a stable relationship (58.8 %), Caucasian women (58.3 %), with schooling up to primary education (40.8 %), both derived from the capital (45.6 %) as in the state (47.4 %), working only in the home (59.7 %) and those living with 1-3 minimum wages (52.2 %); conditions prenatal showed that 95.2 % reported having acceded to prenatal care, beginning in the first quarter (32.9 %), are vaccinated for rubella (59.2 %) and received guidance on infectious diseases in pregnancy (53.5 %). The prevalence upon detection of IgG Anti- Rubella Virus was 80.2 % (183 /228). The correlation between seropositivity and exposure factors for some of the socio demographic and prenatal associations were not found, however, in the analysis of prevalence rates relative to age and income, observed that this was significant (P < 0.0001), 1.3 times lower seropositivity among the mothers with 19 years or less, with lower prevalence ratio (P = 0.0084), about 1.2 times among those with wage income ≤ the minimum wage. Considering the differences in prevalence data antibodies against rubella and the limited information that is available on the immune status of the population of northern Brazil, it was with this research to evaluate the immune status against rubella in women at the time delivery, yielding a prevalence that is still below that necessary to eliminate the risk of congenital rubella. Important observations are aimed at women under 20 years with low education and income, since it is the strata with higher HIV negative. These data may contribute to the reorientation of public policies that seek to control this disease by vaccination strategies, among others, how to improve the care given to the actions of prenatal education.
Appears in Collections:Dissertações em Doenças Tropicais (Mestrado) - PPGDT/NMT

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