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Title: Infecção humana por Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi em área endêmica de leishmaniose visceral no estado do Pará, Brasil: uma abordagem epidemiológica, clínica e imunológica
metadata.dc.creator: ROSAS FILHO, Mário de Souza
metadata.dc.contributor.advisor1: SILVEIRA, Fernando Tobias
Keywords: Leishmaniose visceral americana (LVA)
Infecção humana
Reação Intradérmica de Montenegro (IDRM)
Reação de Imunofluorescência Indireta (RIFI)
Doenças transmissíveis
Leishmania (L.) chagasi
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Universidade Federal do Pará
Citation: ROSAS FILHO, Mário de Souza. Infecção humana por Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi em área endêmica de leishmaniose visceral no estado do Pará, Brasil: uma abordagem epidemiológica, clínica e imunológica. 2010. 48 f. Dissertação (Mestrado) – Universidade Federal do Pará, Núcleo de Medicina Tropical, Belém, 2010. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Doenças Tropicais.
Abstract: A transeccional study was carried out in a cohort of 946 individuals of both sexes, from one year old and upwards, living in endemic area of American visceral leishmaniasis (AVL), municipality of Barcarena, northeast Pará, Brazil. The major aim of this study was to identify individuals with the symptomatic and/or asymptomatic infection due to Leishmania (L.) chagasi, and to study the two types of infection, both clinically and immunologicall. For diagnosis of infection there were used the indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) and the leishmanin skin test (LST) with amastigotes and promastigotes antigens of Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi, respectively. Results were scored as + to ++++: for the IFAT, serological titres (IgG) of 80-160 and 320-640 were given + and ++, with those of 1.280-2.560 and 5.120- 10.240 as +++ and ++++ respectively. For the LST, exacerbated reactions (³16mm) were regarded as ++++, strongly positive (13-15mm) as +++, moderately positive (9- 12mm) as ++, and weakly positive (5-8mm) as +. Analysis of the difference among the clinical-immunological profiles of infection was based on the programme BioEstat 4.0 and the X2 and Binomial tests with confidence of 95%. During the study, 12 infected persons showed high serological titres (1.280 to 10.240 IgG) with negative LST reactions: 5 children and 2 adults developed of AVL with IFAT titres ³ 2.560 (IgG) and a negative LST, and 2 children and 3 adults developed subclinical infections with IFAT titre of 1.280 (IgG) and a negative LST. In addition, the two tests enabled the identification of 5 different clinical-immunological profiles within the total of 231 cases of infection diagnosed, as follows: 1. 77% with asymptomatic infection (AI), with LST ranging from +/++++ and a negative IFAT; 2. 2% with symptomatic infection (SI = AVL) and 3. 1.3% with subclinical oligosymptomatic infection (SOI), both groups with a negative LST and IFAT ranging from +++/++++; 4. 9.9% with a subclinical resistant infection (SRI), showing both LST and IFAT with +/++, and 5. 9.8% with an indeterminate initial infection (III), with a negative LST and IFAT +/++. Regarding evolution of infection, the major observation was that only a single case of SI (= AVL) evolved from the profile III (23 cases), from which most infections evolved to the profiles SRI (9 cases) or SOI (5 cases) while the lastly 8 cases remained as III.
Appears in Collections:Dissertações em Doenças Tropicais (Mestrado) - PPGDT/NMT

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