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Title: Grandes objetos na Amazônia: das velhas lógicas hegemônicas às novas centralidades insurgentes, os impactos da Hidrelétrica de Belo Monte às escalas da vida
metadata.dc.creator: PADINHA, Marcel Ribeiro
metadata.dc.contributor.advisor1: WHITACKER, Arthur Magon
Keywords: Escala geográfica
Geografia regional
Reestruturação urbana
Amazônia brasileira
Usina Hidrelétrica de Belo Monte - PA
Issue Date: 25-Aug-2017
Publisher: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Citation: PADINHA, Marcel Ribeiro. Grandes objetos na Amazônia: das velhas lógicas hegemônicas às novas centralidades insurgentes, os impactos da Hidrelétrica de Belo Monte às escalas da vida. 2017. 444 f. Tese (Doutorado) - Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Presidente Prudente, 2017. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geografia. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em:.
Abstract: This thesis analyzed socio-spatial impacts on the life scales of people affected by a "big project", the Belo Monte HPP, built on the Xingu River, Brazilian Amazon. These "great objects" promote the re - de - structuring of the territories where they are implanted, causing a strong impact on the existing and historically constituted spatiality of river dwellers, peasants, natives, as well as residents of the outskirts of the city of Altamira - Pará - Amazônia. We then analyze the "spoiling" force of these large enterprises on "subalternized" populations, based on a scalar-based theoretical proposition, which involves considering space as a "polymorph". Space-spatiality, technique and scale were used as methodological tools for the realization of the reading of our empirical reality. The life-scale impacts of "deterritorialized" people on both mobility and immobility are felt in view of the spatial condition of belonging, appropriation and identification that different subjects carry out in their territories and places. Nonetheless, as a response to this spillover process, a series of strategies of struggle and resistance are verified in relation to "developmentalist" projects. Despite the Brazilian government's hand in hand with iron hands, it was a strong opposition to the Belo Monte HPP project. Social Movements of different scales of action, from different places on the planet, joined the impacted ones of Altamira and region, constituting, therefore, a great field of confrontation against the "biopolitical" conception applied by the Brazilian government and the national and international capital. This confrontation was carried out by the rural and urban poor and by the traditional populations, under the leadership of the social movements ("Xingu Movement Vivo Para Semper", "Women's Movement") of Altamira and region, together with the important work of the Public Ministry Federal, Public Defender of the State of Pará and the work of NGOs (as a Socio-Environmental Institute), fought and struggled to ensure that the territoriality and place of the socio-residents affected by the set of works and actions that gave rise to Belo Monte HPP somehow, be compensated. An intense and enduring social struggle has caught on in the Xingu region so that the (re) structuring effects of this "big project" can be (somehow) offset. This struggle of the hegemonized / subalternized subjects, which was called "insurgent centralities", was established between subjects of politically and economically (asymmetric) and unequal economic power, the Brazilian State and Capital being on one side and, on the other spatially affected and its protection network, has generated deep conflicts of a spatial nature. Despite the important achievements of social movements and those affected, the strength of the "state of exception" used to implant Belo Monte Power Plant by the Brazilian Government, in the midst of a democratic period, has promoted impacts on the scale of people's lives that are immeasurable and irreparable. Implicating the need to propose and invest in other and new forms (sources) of energy generation in Brazil and the Amazon as a way to overcome this scenario of spoliation, which is a product of the "spatial adjustment" of capitalism.
Appears in Collections:Teses em Geografia (Doutorado) - UNESP

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